Types of Gender Based Violence


Gender Based Violence (GBV) can be defined as any harmful act that is perpetrated against a person against their will, and that is based on socially ascribed (gender) differences between males and females, and that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering for women, girls, boys and men, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life, and includes the economic and social harm caused by such violence, both long term and short term.

There are various types of Gender Based Violence;

1.Sexual violence

Any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances, or acts to traffic women’s sexuality, using coercion, threats of harm or physical force, by any person regardless of relationship to the survivor, in any setting, including but not limited to home and work

It includes marital rape, gang rape, rape, attempted rape and defilement.

Rape and other forms of violence are about power and control; where the perpetrator uses their position of authority to oppress the vulnerable victim

2.Physical Violence

Any forceful or violent physical behavior that causes actual harm. e.g. punching, plucking out hair, biting, choking, kicking, slapping, burning, shoving.

3.Psychological / emotional Violence

Any threat to do bodily harm to a partner, a child, a family member, friends or oneself. It involves humiliation, exploitation, intimidation, psychological degradation, verbal aggression and deprivation of freedom and rights.not only hurt and anger, but also fear and degradation.

4.Harmful cultural practices

This includes practices like Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), widow inheritance, infanticide and sex discrimination among others.

5.Socio economic violence

This is where there is limit of money to conduct duties or needs. It includes not allowing women to work, unequal employment payments for equal work done and salary of woman belonging to the husband among others.


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